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Implementation of Standard Specifications on Secondary School Facilities in Etsako West Local Government Area, Edo State: Research Question

Implementation of Standard Specifications on Secondary School Facilities in Etsako West Local Government Area, Edo State: Research QuestionThe following questions guided the researcher in this study.
i.    What is the extent of implementation of standard specifications on physical facilities for teaching and learning in secondary schools in Etsako West Local Government Area Edo State?
ii.    What maintenance practices are adopted on secondary schools’ facilities?
iii.    What are the problems militating against the implementation of standard specification on secondary school facilities?
This study adopted a descriptive survey design to find out the extent of implementation of standard specification on secondary schools facilities in public and private schools.
All the 432, made up of 232 teachers from public schools and 200 from private secondary schools made up the population. A total of 135 teachers representing 31% of the population was selected through stratified random representation.
A 2 part, 18-item, 4-point scale instrument known as standard specification Questionnaire (SSQ) was used to generate data for answering 2 research questions and testing 2 null hypotheses.
Content and face validity of the instrument were determine by experts in educational management Test-retest method was used to establish the reliability co-efficient using Parsons Product moment correlation at 0.85.
The instruments were distributed and retrieved by the researchers. Means and t-test were used to answer the RQ and test the will hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.
RQ 1: What is the extent of implementation of standard specifications on the following: class size, furniture per child and number of classrooms in public/private schools.

Table 1: Extent of implementation of standard specifications.

Schoollype Maximum No. of students Average Class size Furniture Per Child No. of Classroom
In a class Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Public 40 53.66 23.78 .72 .97 10.66 8.55
Private 40 44.70 21.74 .43 .21 9.88 4.66

With maximum number of 40 in the class in both private and public school, average class size for the public 53.66, furniture per child 0.72, number of classroom 10.66. For the private schools, average class size 47.70, furniture per child 0.43, number of classrooms 9.88. This shows that private schools are competing highly with public secondary schools in terms of number of students, classrooms, they lag behind in the provision of furniture.
RQ.2: What maintenance practices are adopted on secondary facilities?

Maintenance Practices Public Secondary Schools Private Secondary Schools
Mean SD Mean SD
Routine Maintenance 2.05 2.01 2.34 .89
Curative Maintenance 2.70 .78 2.59 .53
Ad-ho Maintenance 2.21 .68 2.43 .76
No Maintenance 1.88 .64 1.90 .79

For a proper and continuous use of these facilities they must be properly maintained in order to achieve the goals of the recipients of education. This question investigated how these scare facilities are maintained in public/private schools. As the table indicates, the analysis of the data shows that all of the available facilities, the maintenance practice on them is mainly the curative maintenance practice. This is because the mean for curative maintenance practice exceeds 2.50 as the public schools has a mean of 2.70 while the private schools has a mean of 2.59. The evidence is that facilities in both public and private schools are not regularly maintained.
RQ 3: What are the problems militating against the implementation of standard specification on secondary school facilities?

Table 3: Mean opinion of principals and teachers on the problems militating against implementation standard specification on facilities.

Problems Public Schools Private Schools
Mean SD Mean SD
Insufficient fund for the provision of facilities 3.44 .61 2.59 1.11
Lack of electricity supply to schools 2.20 1.21 2.19 1.22
lack of storage facilities 2.64 1.20 2.44 1.12
Lack of storage space 2.14 1.15 1.81 1.05
Lack of facilities maintenance workshop 2.75 .99 2.49 1.21

The above table indicates that insufficient funds for the provision of facilities pooled 3.44 and 2.59 for both public and private schools. Lack of storage facilities, and facilities maintenance workshop were problems only in public schools, whereas in private schools they did not constitute problem. Lack of electricity supply constituted a problem both in public and private schools.